Everyone in the world of therapy, whether mainstream or alternative therapy, welcomes honest clients who have a reasonable level of education, know themselves reasonably well and choose to evolve. We welcome clients who have no hidden agendas and really put all their willpower into getting well spiritually, physically, socially and mentally, with great creativity and love. But what if clients come to you as some sort of deceptive process to use or defraud you or some sort of strange game, which could be part of a mental illness?
In this essay clients who are a part of authoritative religions, cults, or enmeshed families are discussed. The people who insult you and blame a therapist for not “curing” them in one visit of course are also “red flag” people. This article investigates those who have given up on life because of wounded inner child issues after an abusive life, not just after childhood, but in adult years from mental, sexual and physical abuse. It is said by many specialists in social work and psychology that neglecting a child is far worse than abuse (Howe, D. 2005).
This commentary particularly review ideas about people with Sun or Moon aspecting Saturn, Neptune and /or Pluto; Cancer or 4th, 8th and 12th house placements and Mercury–Neptune placements, which for various reasons can make these people tribal in their behaviour and self-destructive.
Finally, this article considers the concept of Grace, where you “open your eyes, inner ears and your heart to a new way of looking at yourself and the world…,one where there is a natural abundance …that comes from the Divine Source”(Richardson, p.2) . Then finally, I discuss a case where a very hardened person, who decided they would never heal physically, and that had no heart and they would face the world alone, somehow allowed love and joy into their life and became a caring person. This person also had Sun or Moon effecting his Saturn and Neptune, Pluto and Cancer placements.
CLIENTS WHO COME FROM TRIBAL FAMILIES.
I remember when I did my Master’s Degree at university in counselling one of our first books to read, understand and remember was Geldard (1998) in his book Basic Personal Counselling: A training manual for counsellors). On page three he states, “Frequently a client will expect that the counsellor will give them direct advice…but human beings are remarkably resistance to advice. (Geldard, D. 1998). ” Geldard continues to advise all counsellors that we must encourage self-reliance, rather than dependence.
However, our professor emphasised that it was no use trying to counsel a person who came from a right-wing religion, especially as they answered all the criteria of a cult. They were brainwashed like robots to answer to either their cult leader or religious leader. They were unable to think or analyse for themselves. Besides they and probably generations and generations of their family or tribal (if they have Italian, Indigenous or Irish heritage) ancestors had made oaths and agreements to their leaders and or gods and these oaths were many.
In shamanic healing which I had used with astrological counselling if a client is still unconsciously aligned to the controlling gods or ancestors of the family who have left curses and traces of “evil” deeds, the client will not heal or progress. In other words the client is in these cases dependent and not self-reliant. Nor did our training suggest that they could be self-reliant. They live in a herd. Somehow the tribal oaths and old agreements must be broken so these people can think for themselves.
CULTS AND TRIBALISM.
First I will examine the concept of cults. I taught a subject on the concept of cults and how to avoid them at an Australian high-school in 2007 in an effort by a particular city and the government to stop adolescents being brainwashed. I note here that one of my students included the Catholic Church and various pentacostalist churches as cults and I witnessed a pentacostalist pastor, at a church service, shouting loudly in 2003, in Australia, “There’s a witch in here” and sniffing the people just like the film “Witches” that starred Angelica Houston. I did not return as I realised that that church was a dangerous cult of strange ideas.
Many people with the aspect of Mercury-Neptune can be seduced into such tribal religions as Mercury-Neptune has a tendency to like religions and or spirituality and if the aspect is challenging they can be seduced by cults. Note that in the list of criteria lack of sleep by long prayer vigils is not mentioned. Lack of sleep is a well- known mind altering and brainwashing technique and the effects are akin to drug psychosis. (Coon, & Mitherer.) For people who have been in cults or the armed forces sexual or physical abuse of children or adults will mostly include brainwashing and a belief instilled that the child or adult is evil.
If a controlling father who is a member of a right wing church, an ex-armed forces person or a cult member abuses their child it will be with specific brainwashing techniques. (Holly, 2012 & Moscovici ) This brainwashing is often not deliberate by the abusers and is often attributed to primary Post-Traumatic Stress by men who have fought in wars. People with a combination of challenging Sun-Saturn and Mercury-Neptune placements are particularly susceptible to this. The second and third subjects I discuss were in dangerous relationships with abusive partners and had abusive fathers.
Bear in mind that this list is not meant to be a “cult scale” or a definitive checklist to determine if a specific group is a cult. I include the concept of cults here as cults are tribal religions. These criteria are not so much a diagnostic instrument as it is an analytical tool.
• The group displays excessively zealous and unquestioning commitment to its leader and (whether he is alive or dead) regards his belief system, ideology, and practices as the Truth, as law.
• Questioning, doubt, and dissent are discouraged or even punished.
• Mind-altering practices (such as meditation, chanting, speaking in tongues, denunciation sessions, and debilitating work routines) are used in excess and serve to suppress doubts about the group and its leader(s).
• The leadership dictates, sometimes in great detail, how members should think, act, and feel (for example, members must get permission to date, change jobs, marry—or leaders prescribe what types of clothes to wear, where to live, whether or not to have children, how to discipline children, and so forth).
• The group is elitist, claiming a special, exalted status for itself, its leader(s) and members (for example, the leader is considered the Messiah, a special being, an avatar—or the group and/or the leader is on a special mission to save humanity).
• The group has a polarized us-versus-them mentality, which may cause conflict with the wider society.
• The leader is not accountable to any authorities (unlike, for example, teachers, military commanders or ministers, priests, monks, and rabbis of mainstream religious denominations).
• The group teaches or implies that its supposedly exalted ends justify whatever means it deems necessary. This may result in members’ participating in behaviours or activities they would have considered reprehensible or unethical before joining the group (for example, lying to family or friends, or collecting money for bogus charities).
• The leadership induces feelings of shame and/or guilt in order to influence and/or control members. Often, this is done through peer pressure and subtle forms of persuasion.
• Subservience to the leader or group requires members to cut ties with family and friends, and radically alter the personal goals and activities they had before joining the group.
• The group is preoccupied with bringing in new members.
• The group is preoccupied with making money.
• Members are expected to devote inordinate amounts of time to the group and group-related activities.
• Members are encouraged or required to live and/or socialize only with other group members.
• The most loyal members (the “true believers”) feel there can be no life outside the context of the group or tribe. They believe there is no other way to be, and often fear reprisals to themselves or others if they leave (or even consider leaving) the group.( Horowitz, M. 2011).
Now I analyse tribalism. What do I mean by tribalism? A tribe is a group and as I stated above a cult is generally a tribe with an established leader whose word is law. Tribes generally operate with fear as their controlling mechanism.
Tribalism has a very adaptive effect in human evolution. Humans are social animals, and ill-equipped to live on their own. Tribalism and ethnocentrism help to keep individuals committed to the group, even when personal relations may fray. This keeps individuals from wandering off or joining other groups. It also leads to bullying and having vendettas when a tribal member is unwilling to conform to the politics of the collective.
Sutherland in his book, “Irrationality: Why We Don’t Think Straight!” suggests that tribal people generally regard other groups as inferior (Sutherland, S. 1992. pp. 68-76 ). The prejudice against out-groups is usually accompanied by the formation of stereotypes. For example, people who stereotype unquestioningly see Jewish people as avaricious and dark skinned Indigenous people are seen as lazy or some other ridiculous stereotype. It is rare that these people study beyond school. If they did they would see the narrowness of their beliefs and their allegiance to cruel, rigid and nonsensical beliefs that start fights and wars.
Sutherland suggests that for tribal people holding stereotypes is convenient. It means they do not assess the individual case, and think for themselves, they merely assume the outsider conforms to the stereotype. He also realised that stereotyping tribal people tend to notice anything that supports their own opinions.
The Catch 22 of the stereotyping, xenophobic behaviour and thinking of a tribal person means that they as part of a group, family or tribe will never trust outsiders. A tribal person may bully outsiders, but if they are bullied by another group they will fail to understand why they are being bullied as they lack education and training in analysis and logic. They are so used to stereotyping.
I have been talking on a sociological-anthropological level. Remembering that we are discussing a case in context, let us go to a more individual level. I discuss here a client I saw for a six month period many years ago. This person had a Sun conjunct Saturn in Scorpio in the fifth house with a Cancer ascendant and Mercury (in Scorpio) conjunct Neptune. This woman had never had a relationship with a male other than the father and brothers and never left home. She still was, at a mature age living with her mother (Cancer Ascendant.) It struck me then as I had just completed my counselling degree that the client has lived a purely tribal and enmeshed life where was most likely that they were not capable of independent rational analysis about their own and other’s behaviour (Cancer Ascendant with a Virgo Moon, and Mercury as the ruler conjuncting Neptune) and were a dependent and tribal personality (Cancer Ascendant.) With the Saturn conjunct Sun they were drawn to authoritarian people and organisations and had an obsessive (Scorpio) relationship with their father (Sun conjunct Saturn) and in some way idealised him as her boyfriend (5th house.) The father had punished this woman as a child and as a practising Catholic she also saw God (the father) as a punishing God.
The presenting problem, for the client was severe traumatisation after being bullied by work peers. The client’s constant behaviour to the therapist was of evasiveness, and confused and changing stories (Mercury conjunct Neptune). This woman was also invasive, had no boundaries, was extremely rude, constantly insulting and possibly was an energy vampire. (Please see Lyn Koiner’s ideas on energy vampires in my next article. ) Although the counselling astrologer gave constant warnings about the client’s lack of boundaries the client kept up her childlike and disrespectful behaviour. Although the client had become less traumatised after shamanic healing she kept regressing to “dependent child” behaviour, as it was highly possible she was confessing to a church official and her enmeshed family.
THE INNER CHILD IN ASTROLOGICAL COUNSELLING AND THERAPY.
Cathryn Taylor in her book on the Inner Child through its various stages maintains that the continuous “hostile, angry behaviour” and “yelling of obscenities p. P.159 ” of a person, suggests a wounded adolescent inner child where this internal shadow is still rebelling against authority (Saturn). Typically all adolescents have no limits, no boundaries. Previous psychiatric and psychological evaluation had suggested the client was “lying” in all her documentation and was hard to pin down. Previous astrologers had passed the client on as being invasive and “far too difficult to deal with.”
Another less evident behaviour had surfaced and this was the need for “revenge.” Again as Taylor suggest the angry, resentful, judgemental adolescent wounded inner child is typical of this stage. Of course as this is shadow (Zweig, C. & Abrams, J. Eds. 1991. & Jung, C.G. 1990 . The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. ) behaviour and unconscious the person will deny this behaviour, but it shows up when the insults come flying and the client or person with the inner child stuck at adolescence can’t stick to their word or goals.
SYMPTOMS OF SOUL LOSS AND SOUL RETRIVALS AS A THERAPY
Could anything be done about this angry wounded inner child at teenager stage? Yes. If permission to do a shamanic soul recovery was gained I might have been able to do a soul recovery, but at the time I did not pick see the wounded inner child symptoms quickly enough. The client did reveal many symptoms of soul loss too. They were :
• inability to ground oneself;
• detachment and lack of ethics;
• memory loss;
• co-dependency and inability to release the past (Soul Recovery and Extraction. pp.3-5 ) .
Lack of grounding suggests someone who was “constantly daydreaming. Someone who runs around frantically is completely disorganised and has no self-discipline” and although the client had a Moon in Virgo which should have been earthy, totally grounded and organised, the client had all of the symptoms of lack of grounding.
At the lowest level of the Sun-Saturn Scorpio continuum a person will be controlling, manipulative and vengeful. And this person chose to win at all costs over “her enemy who had hurt her.” We can see that with Jupiter conjunct Pluto in Leo in her third house revenge was very, very important to her and she thought about it obsessively. When I had investigated her ancestry Irish “vendettas and curses” were alive and well in her unconscious and as she had a Cancer ascendant and her Sun’s ruler in the 4th house her ancestry was important.
Another interesting factor was Eris as handle of her bucket chart and the only planet in the top of her chart. All her planets sat from the 2nd to 6th house. Eris loves to stir up trouble and can make a mountain out of a molehill. In my experience (and having had completed a PhD in tribal behaviour) anybody’s need for revenge in taking “enemies” to court to destroy them is fraught with peril. The client is sure to lose all their money in court costs, and lawyer’s fees and the person who is traumatised will not regain their peace of mind and nervous balance because they keep re-traumatising themselves because of their obsessive need for revenge.
The Virgo Moon also meant that she worried, was anxious constantly and was an obsessive thinker (Pluto-Jupiter in the third). Her mental processes were also confused and illusory (Mercury in Scorpio conjunct Neptune), thus the anxiety was not surprising. There was great self-sabotage here. And the client kept harassing her counsellor in her invasive, anxious way by sending up to five emails a day full of details of her worries and conversations with various family members. Basically the emails were full of gossip and tittle-tattle.
Psychologically, my final assessment would be to say that this client would keep returning, in their dependent fashion to their authoritarian church group and enmeshed family. Thus this is a client who chooses subconsciously not to heal and blames everyone around her: family, therapists and legal representation.
Spiritually, I am saddened by a client who chooses to stay at such a low vibration considering they have a choice. If a client at no time chooses to accept that it is time to give up their vendetta and see it as some sort of lesson, whether a personal or inherited lesson, makes me wonder. If one meets an immovable obstacle and is told by a plethora of professional therapists and legal specialists that they are lying and must face the fact that they need to move on, they need to get the giant hint and move on: forget the blaming, forget the idea of stereotyping and forget the past.
THE HIGHEST VIBRATION OF THE SUN-SATURN –PLUTO ARCHETYPE
At the highest spiritual vibration of this Sun-Saturn-Pluto archetype there are some magnificent psychiatrists, psychologist, oncological nurses and doctors, therapists and psychopomps. And they have worked hard to be in their positions. If one has Sun in the fifth house the lesson is about our heart. The client may at a lower vibrational level whine and blame because “no one loves me and people don’t know me or understand me” and a gullible therapist might work on inner child issues and self-esteem issues, but the alternative is to step back, raise a white flag and allow the client just to stop the vendetta, have a long rest from trauma, learn to relax and open up ones heart and allow love in. (Well that is the theory and it probably won’t happen if their family has been engaged in vendettas for hundreds of years.) If a person is in a constant state of obsessive racing vengeful thoughts how the divine forces, who need stillness (and the Theta brain wave) possibly reach this person other than a miracle (Grace.)
The lesson for the therapist is to stop trying, because the therapist is not responsible for this person, especially if they constantly cry poor and will not even give a small donation for not just hours, but months of voluntary work. The lesson is to step back and allow God and the archangels to do their work. Cheryl Richardson in her book “The Unmistakable touch of Grace” (2005) tells her readers that “Grace is a kind of spiritual intelligence, a form of energy that comes from the Divine Source.
SATURN IN ANOTHER CONTEXT
I probably have only stepped back twice in my life and around the same time I saw the previous Sun conjunction Saturn woman around the year 2000, another Sun conjunction Saturn woman appeared. This conjunction was in Gemini in the 9th house and opposed Neptune, so rather than a case of blaming others this client blamed God. Saturn –Sun medically can cause medical problems with the spine (Sun) and bones (Saturn) after a car accident. This was the central problem from which there was no relief and the client had virtually given up. This person was in a far more traumatised state than the first person I describe.
She had been abused as a child by her parents (Moon square ascendant conjunct Pluto and Sun conjunct Saturn opposition Neptune and Sun square Mars in Pisces.) Astrologically the combination suggested very strong karmic circumstances, great depression from the actions of a violent and perhaps substance abusing and neglectful father and a mother who I suspect looked the other way at sexual abuse. This woman had become depressed, suicidal and invisible (Pluto conjunct Ascendant.) The very early (birth to 18 months abuse and neglect) had caused a total lack of trust and hope in the world.
This woman asked me to do soul retrieval, but as I do not work with suicidal clients I passed her onto someone I believed was the best shamanic practitioner in Australia. He was expensive, but if anyone could save her he would. I never heard from either of these women again, but somehow I feel that they both pulled through. I prayed for both of them and continue to do so.
THE WOUNDED INNER CHILD AT THE BABY STAGE
But you didn’t ask me about a wounded inner child at age birth to 18 months. I will tell you anyway. This wounded inner child expects no nurturing, no safety and so trusts no one and expects the world to be an unsafe place. The adult in which this wounded inner baby lives is either overly dependent or holds others at a distance because she or he expect rejection, abandonment, or and abuse. The baby and adult feel unworthy of love and generally unworthy and full of shame and often repulsiveness. There is a great deal of panic and a fear of asking one’s needs to be met. This person often rejects their own body and is probably extremely vulnerable to being suicidal.
Hence we expect to see strong Saturn-Sun here or Sun in Capricorn with a challenging Neptune. So we may expect Sun Saturn opposite or square or inconjunct Neptune or even Sun in Capricorn in the 12th house. Pluto in a prominent place; either MC or ascendant gives the feeling of being a recluse. A life where drugs play a place also ties in with this prominent Pluto archetype. These people can be depressive and have a large shadow (we can not only see the shadow here, but we see much that is hidden to the consciousness and archetypes that come from the collective unconscious and the person with strong Pluto inherits: dark secrets) , but from experience I know that after a few shamanic healings and soul retrievals they learn to communicate properly and they , with a plethora of experience and compassion, become great counsellors. Pluto always has a treasure if you dig deep enough.
The third person I analyse has Moon in Cancer in the second house opposite Saturn in Capricorn in the 8th; Sun in Aquarius conjunct Chiron and conjunct Mercury in Pisces. We see that his Sun is ruled by Saturn and his Moon opposes Capricorn. His Saturn in the 8th house is akin to Saturn in Scorpio. So there are similar archetypes to the first person in the article, but he has a different soul, a non- tribal soul and a different life and country context. His Sun-Chiron-Mercury stellium in his ninth house is opposite Pluto in the third. His saving grace is Venus in Pisces in the 10th widely conjunct the MC and Jupiter in the sixth conjunct DESC and opposite Mars conjunct ASC.
Years ago when I first met this man he was recovering from a broken back and broken collar bones. The doctors said he would never walk again. He was dying from hepatitis given to him by an ex-wife who had affairs and he was crippled by arthritis. He had been physically and verbally abused, starved and neglected by his parents and grew up in a large cardboard box. The first time this man’s back was broken was at age eight when he was forced to help his father building a house. The father was an ex- professional soldier and physically and verbally abused his mother too. This client, whom I will name Horatio, refused to be wheelchair bound and learned to walk again. Horatio left home at age sixteen and worked in various occupations but ended up with qualifications in engineering, mechanics, welding and all the Mars areas that included expertise in building trucks, planes, trains and cars. He only ever associated with two women and the second treated him as a sex slave. (See Sandra L. Brown Women (Date Unknown.) Who Love Psychopaths: Inside the Relationships of inevitable Harm With Psychopaths, Sociopaths & Narcissists Perfect Paperback. ) She was in the Mafia and although she earned a great amount of money Horatio supported her financially. When I first met him as a client twelve years ago he had escaped from her and her associates.
We can see his Moon opposition Saturn in the 8th house in his upbringing and in his steely determination to overcome all odds. He trusted no one and was a loner living in caravan parks with a dingo when I first encountered him in 2002. When he did speak, which was rare, his words were scathing, rude, sarcastic and tinged with toilet and sexual words and he did live on the edges of fringe criminality. This characteristic and his silent behaviour, plus sexual abuse would be an affect from Chiron conjunct Sun conjunct Mercury opposite Pluto square Mars.
SATURN IN THE 8TH HOUSE
His Moon opposition Saturn in the 8th indicated ancestors who were beaten down, bitter and angry and there were generations and generations of them to heal, but Horatio endured. Erin Sullivan in her book on The Astrology of Family Dynamics suggests that Saturn in the 8th house people are afraid of death and the dark(p. 193) , but this man faces death regularly in the dangerous world he works in and does shift work so he is wake all night and he mostly works in the dark. He has an uncanny ability to see in the dark. Erin Sullivan also sees people with this Saturn as skeptics and he certainly was and came from a family of skeptics and atheists, but now he is a man of faith and compassion. Erin Sullivan also suggests 8th house people are highly ritualistic.
His Pisces planets meant he only went to natural therapists. Gradually I recommended shamanic practitioner friends and then began to work with him myself. Horatio’s past life regression healings were full of battles where he had been killed in and battles he had been maimed in. I would say he has had at least forty shamanic healings. He never gives up. But this man is a success story now. He is well, and strong, honest and more kind in his speech, but still eats sparingly. He is an example of the best side of the 8th house Saturn. She suggests that Saturn in the 8th house people must “Undergo a complete dissolution of the boundary between the ego and the Deep transcendent self before [he] is allowed to take on the power which lies in the realm of the ancestors.”
When we finally reached that stage we found that Horatio had been a druid in in past lives and his ancestors a long way back had been shamanic practitioners and wise Elders. He is now a happy man with human friends. He chats happily with people and although he still works in engineering fields he teaches exercises to men, does shamanic healing occasionally and grows herbs. Needless to say he does not go near toxic people.
I can hardly say, I hope you have enjoyed this article. I don’t see people rushing out and jumping for joy and I hope you are not too depressed after reading this article. However, I hope it has added to your knowledge and opened some windows on the reasons some people behave the way they do. I guess, while this is not a gleeful article it does bring hope and compassion for those who are stuck in their unconscious Saturnian-Plutonian gloom.
But my humble suggestion is that if you expect to heal in one healing I believe you are being a trifle optimistic. In all ancient and Indigenous worlds wisdom was learned over decades and whilst we live in this youth oriented consumerist society undoubtedly you will learn that wisdom does not come from machines (electronic technology) and mechanistic people alone.
But here I change my tune and do hope your day, this year and your life will be full of joy.
[NOTE WELL. Please do not copy my articles without my permission. You may write to me and ask.
It has been reported to me that a person is copying and selling my articles on Ebay. For those who are thieves and sell my work, which takes days to write, or cite my work as your own, karma does occur in various forms. You will find things will be stolen from you if you steal from others and your innocent descendants will inherit your karma. If you are caught you will end up in jail for internet theft.]
BIBLIOGRAPHY (End Notes)
1. Howe, D. ( 2005). Child Abuse and Neglect: Attachment, Development and Intervention. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, Hamshire, UK.
2. Richardson, C. (2005). The Unmistakable Touch of Grace. Sydney: Bantam Press.
3. Geldard, D. (1998). What is counselling? In D. Geldard. Basic personal counselling. A training manual for counsellors. (pp.1-15). Sydney: Prentice Hall.
4. Coon, D. & Mitherer (Date Unknown). Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behaviour.http://books.google.com.au/books?id=vw20LEaJe10C&pg=PA549&lpg=PA549&dq=lack+of+sleep+as+a+brainwashing+technique&source=bl&ots=LigKBs_zIy&sig=MZxSfq7s1u9bm_o_xwOV8PNyvXM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FjnoUsPPNa6eiAehsYGYBw&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=lack%20of%20sleep%20as%20a%20brainwashing%20technique&f=false
5. Holly, K. (2012.) How did You Brainwash Me? http://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/verbalabuseinrelationships/2012/06/brainwashing-abusive-relationships/
6. Claudia Moscovici ( Date Unknown). Dangerous Liaisons How to Recognize and Escape from Psychopathic Seduction. http://www.fishpond.com.au/Books/Dangerous-Liaisons-Claudia-Moscovici/9780761855699 . Women Who love Psychopaths. A Book Review. http://saferelationshipsmagazine.com/women-who-love-psychopaths-book-center
7. Horowitz, M. (2011). When Does a Religion Become a Cult? http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052748703529004576160363526909654. Also see Janja Lalich, Ph.D. & Michael D. Langone, Ph.D. (N.D.) Characteristics Associated with Cultic Groups – Revised. Also see Robert J. Lifton’s Eight Criteria for Thought Reform. http://www.csj.org/studyindex/studymindctr/study_mindctr_lifton.htm. Also see Schroeder, R. (2007). Cults: Secret Sects and False Prophets. Carlton Press: UK.
8. Sutherland, S. (1992.) Irrationality: Why We Don’t Think Straight. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
9. Please see my next article on Lyn Koiner’s ideas on the characteristics of energy vampires and how to recognise them.
10. Taylor, C. ( 1991.) The Inner Child Work Book: What to do with your past when it just won’t go away. Putnam Publishers: New York.
11. Please see a very thorough discussion of the shadow in Zweig, C. & Abrams, J. Eds. (1991.) Meeting the Shadow: The hidden power of the dark side of human nature. Penguin: New York.
12. Please also see Jung, C.G. ( 1990 .) The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. Bolligen: Princeton University.
13. Ai Gvhai Waya (Eileen Nauman). (2004). Soul Recovery and Extraction. Cotton Wood, Arizona: Blue Turtle Publishing.
14. Sandra L. Brown Women (Date Unknown.) Who Love Psychopaths: Inside the Relationships of inevitable Harm With Psychopaths, Sociopaths & Narcissists Perfect Paperback.
15. Sullivan, E. ( 2001.) The Family of Family Dynamics. Weiser Books: York Beach, ME.